Prague was founded in 1306 by an ancient king, Boyya, and was originally named Boihaem. As a political and economic centre, Prague prospered during the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque eras.
In the last century, the Czech Republic has gone through different leaderships. It became Czechoslovakia after World War I, however it was ruled by Nazi, Germany during World War II. This led to the devistating distruction of the Jewish community, with thousands of people killed or sent to concentration camps, such as Terezin. After World War II, the country was controlled by the Soviet Union until its’ fall in 1991.
Since 1991, Prague has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, being the 5th most visited city. Rich in history and culture, visitors can explore Old Town, where several main attractions are located; such as the Jewish Museum (Synagogues and the Old Jewish Cemetary), the Astronomical Clock, and Museum of Communism. There are also many bars and restaurants in the area for tourists to relax and try one of Prague famous beers. Visitors can also walk across Charles Bridge and explore Lesser town where the Prague Castle is located; along with The Petřín Hill Tower & Mirror Maze, St. Nicholas Church, and the Infant Jesus of Prague statue at the Church of Our Lady Victorious.