The Eternal City
Legends suggest Rome was founded in 753 BC, by Romulus and Remus, who were twin sons of Mars. After killing his brother, Romulus became the first king of Rome. He then set out to fortify his settlement on Palatine Hill, next to what became the Roman Forum. Eventually settlements were established on each of Rome’s Seven Hills, including Capitol Hill (Capitoline Museums). At the start of the Middle Ages, Rome came under the control of the Papacy and then during the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States. During the Renaissance period, Rome became a world centre for art with St. Peter’s Basilica being built by Emperor Constantine the Great and Michelangelo’s fresco painting of The Last Judgement at the Sistine Chapel. Today, Rome is the 4th most populous city in the European Union with millions of tourists visiting their World Heritage Sites, such as the Vatican Museums and Colosseum.